イベント

第7回 アシンメトリ量子セミナー Toni Helm氏@東京大学物性研究所

終了
2024/ 02/ 07

日時: 2024年2月7日(水)16:00~
場所: ハイブリッド 東京大学物性研究所 6階 第5セミナー室(A615)&zoom配信

講演者:  Toni Helm 博士1,2
1Dresden High Magnetic Field Laboratory (HLD-EMFL), Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-
Rossendorf (HZDR), 01328, Dresden, Germany
2Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan (Visiting associate professor)

講演題目: Hall-effect studies on unconventional quantum materials under challenging conditions

概要

In order to uncover and understand the physics of topical quantum materials, experiments are pushed to their limits in terms of setup dimensions and resolution. Challenging conditions, such as very low temperatures, high pulsed-magnetic fields, strong pressures or microscopically small but well-defined sample dimensions are inevitable for successful investigations. We apply focused ion beam (FIB) micro-patterning for the fabrication of micron-scale structures from bulk single crystals suitable for high precision electrical transport experiments. This approach has proven a powerful tool for experiments on various compounds with intriguing transport properties. In particular, Hall effect signals can be optimized by means of reducing the sample thickness to few microns.
In this talk, I will exemplify some of our recent projects that benefited from FIB assisted patterning and uncovered new physics in topical materials [1-4]. In the first examples, I will show how we can contribute to the field of unconventional magnetism. I will present recent results from electrical-transport experiments that we combined with microscopic magneto-sensitive imaging tools. This enabled us to study finite size-effects and reveal the Hall signature, comprised of anomalous and topological contributions, of Antiskyrmions in the Heusler magnet Mn1.4PtSn [1] and that of Skyrmion bubbles in the hard magnet MnBi [2]. We, furthermore, study highly conductive heavy-fermion metals in pulsed magnetic fields up to 70 T. In our recent work on the potential spin-triplet superconductor UTe2, we revealed a correlation between the emergence of reentrant superconductivity in fields above 40 T and the vanishing of the anomalous Hall effect. The vanishing and reemerging of the Hall signature within a particular field-orientation range, hints at a field-induced compensation of magnetic exchange, the so-called Jaccarino-Peter effect, as the potential origin of reentrant high-field superconductivity in UTe2 [3,4].


[1] Winter, M., Goncalves, F.J.T., Soldatov, I., et al.
“Antiskyrmions and their electrical footprint in crystalline mesoscale structures of Mn1.4PtSn.” Commun Mater 3, 102 (2022).
[2] He, Y., Schneider, S., Helm, T., et al.
“Topological Hall effect arising from the mesoscopic and microscopic non-coplanar magnetic structure in MnBi. ” Acta 226, 117619 Mater. (2022)
[3] Niu, Q., Knebel, G., Braithwaite, D., Helm, T., et al.
“Evidence of Fermi surface reconstruction at the metamagnetic transition of the strongly correlated superconductor UTe2. ” Phys. Rev. Res. 2, 033179 (2020)
[4] Helm, T., Kimata, M., Sudo, K., et al.
“Field-induced compensation of magnetic exchange as the possible origin of reentrant superconductivity in UTe2. ” 

主催:強磁場コラボラトリー
共催:学術変革領域研究(A) アシンメトリ量子(第7回アシンメトリ量子セミナー)、学術変革領域研究(A) 1000テスラ科学